GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE DRH30428-LH-13B (12/20)
Short Title: Public Safety/Gun Transfer/Background Check.
Representatives Earle, D. Hall, and Michaux (Primary Sponsors).
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to provide greater protection for the public by requiring that a background check and permit be obtained prior to the transfer of a firearm unless the transfer is between immediate family members, to provide that the sheriff may revoke a permit in certain circumstances, and to strengthen the law requiring safe storage of a firearm to protect minors.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. Article 52A of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes reads as rewritten:
Sale of Weapons in Certain Counties.Transfer
Sale of certain weapons Transfer or receipt of firearms without
(a) It is unlawful for any person, firm, or
corporation in this State to sell, give away, or transfer, or to purchase or
receive, at any place within this State from any other place within or without
the State any
pistol firearm unless: (i) a license or permit is
first obtained under this Article by the purchaser or receiver from the sheriff
of the county in which the purchaser or receiver resides; or (ii) a valid North
Carolina concealed handgun permit is held under Article 54B of this Chapter by
the purchaser or receiver who must be a resident of the State at the time of
It is unlawful for any person or persons to receive from any
postmaster, postal clerk, employee in the parcel post department, rural mail
carrier, express agent or employee, railroad agent or employee within the State
of North Carolina any
pistol firearm without having in his or
their possession and without exhibiting at the time of the delivery of the same
and to the person delivering the same the permit from the sheriff as provided
in G.S. 14‑403. Any person violating the provisions of this section
is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.
(b) This section does not apply to an antique firearm or an historic edged weapon.
(b1) This section does not apply when the transfer or receipt of a firearm is between immediate family members.
(c) The following definitions apply in this Article:
(1) Antique firearm. – Defined in G.S. 14‑409.11.
(2), (3) Repealed by Session Laws 2011‑56, s. 1, effective April 28, 2011.
(3a) Firearm. – A handgun, shotgun, rifle, or other weapon of any description from which any shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged.
(4) Historic edged weapon. – Defined in G.S. 14‑409.12.
(5) through (7) Repealed by Session Laws 2011‑56, s. 1, effective April 28, 2011.
(6) Immediate family member. – A spouse, child, sibling, parent, grandparent, or grandchild or the spouse of an immediate family member. This term includes stepparents, stepchildren, stepsiblings, and adoptive relationships.
"§ 14‑403. Permit issued by sheriff; form of permit; expiration of permit.
The sheriffs of any and all counties of this State shall
issue to any person, firm, or corporation in any county a license or permit to
purchase or receive any weapon mentioned in this Article from any person, firm,
or corporation offering to sell or dispose of the weapon. The license or permit
five years three years from the date of issuance.
The license or permit shall be in the following form:
I, ______________, Sheriff of said County, do hereby certify
that I have conducted a criminal background check of the applicant,
______________ whose place of residence is ______________ in ______________
(or) in ______________ Township, ______________ County, North Carolina, and
have received no information to indicate that it would be a violation of State
or federal law for the applicant to purchase, transfer, receive, or possess a
firearm. The applicant has further satisfied me as to his, her (or)
their good moral character. Therefore, a license or permit is issued to
______________ to purchase one pistol firearm from any person,
firm or corporation authorized to dispose of the same.
This license or permit expires
five years three
years from its date of issuance.
This ____ day of ____________, ________.
"§ 14‑404. Issuance or refusal of permit; appeal from refusal; grounds for refusal; sheriff's fee.
(a) Upon application, the sheriff shall issue the license or permit to a resident of that county, unless the purpose of the permit is for collecting, in which case a sheriff can issue a permit to a nonresident, when the sheriff has done all of the following:
(1) Verified, before the issuance of a permit, by a
criminal history background investigation that it is not a violation of State
or federal law for the applicant to purchase, transfer, receive, or possess a
firearm. The sheriff shall determine the criminal and background
history of any applicant by accessing computerized criminal history records as
maintained by the State Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, by conducting a national criminal history records check, by
conducting a check through the National Instant Criminal Background Check
System (NICS), and by conducting a criminal history check through the
Administrative Office of the Courts.
(2) Fully satisfied himself or herself by affidavits, oral evidence, or otherwise, as to the good moral character of the applicant.
(3) Fully satisfied himself or herself that the
applicant desires the possession of the
weapon mentioned firearm for
(i) the protection of the home, business, person, family or property, (ii)
target shooting, (iii) collecting, or (iv) hunting.
(b) If the sheriff is not fully satisfied, the sheriff may, for good cause shown, decline to issue the license or permit and shall provide to the applicant within seven days of the refusal a written statement of the reason(s) for the refusal. An appeal from the refusal shall lie by way of petition to the chief judge of the district court for the district in which the application was filed. The determination by the court, on appeal, shall be upon the facts, the law, and the reasonableness of the sheriff's refusal, and shall be final.
(c) A permit may not be issued to the following persons:
(1) One who is under an indictment or information for
or has been convicted in any state, or in any court of the United States, of a
felony (other than an offense pertaining to antitrust violations, unfair trade
practices, or restraints of trade). However, a person who has been convicted of
a felony in a court of any state or in a court of the United States and (i) who
is later pardoned, or (ii) whose firearms rights have been restored pursuant to
G.S. 14‑415.4, may obtain a permit, if the purchase or receipt of a
firearm permitted in this Article does not violate a condition of
the pardon or restoration of firearms rights.
(2) One who is a fugitive from justice.
(3) One who is an unlawful user of or addicted to marijuana or any depressant, stimulant, or narcotic drug (as defined in 21 U.S.C. § 802).
(4) One who has been adjudicated mentally incompetent or has been committed to any mental institution.
(5) One who is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the United States.
(6) One who has been discharged from the Armed Forces of the United States under dishonorable conditions.
(7) One who, having been a citizen of the United States, has renounced his or her citizenship.
(8) One who is subject to a court order that:
a. Was issued after a hearing of which the person received actual notice, and at which the person had an opportunity to participate;
b. Restrains the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of the person or child of the intimate partner of the person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; and
c. Includes a finding that the person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of the intimate partner or child; or by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury.
(d) Nothing in this Article shall apply to officers authorized by law to carry firearms if the officers identify themselves to the vendor or donor as being officers authorized by law to carry firearms and provide any of the following:
(1) A letter signed by the officer's supervisor or superior officer stating that the officer is authorized by law to carry a firearm.
(2) A current photographic identification card issued by the officer's employer.
(3) A current photographic identification card issued by a State agency that identifies the individual as a law enforcement officer certified by the State of North Carolina.
(4) A current identification card issued by the officer's employer and another form of current photographic identification.
(e) The sheriff shall charge for the sheriff's
services upon issuing the license or permit a fee of
five dollars ($5.00).twenty‑five
(f) Each applicant for a license or permit shall be informed by the sheriff within 30 days of the date of the application whether the license or permit will be granted or denied and, if granted, the license or permit shall be immediately issued to the applicant.
(g) An applicant shall not be ineligible to receive a permit under subdivision (c)(4) of this section because of involuntary commitment to mental health services if the individual's rights have been restored under G.S. 122C‑54.1.
"§ 14‑405. Record of permits kept by sheriff.
The sheriff shall keep a book, to be provided by the board of commissioners of each county, in which he shall keep a record of all licenses or permits issued under this article, including the name, date, place of residence, age, former place of residence, etc., of each such person, firm, or corporation to whom or which a license or permit is issued.
"§ 14‑405.1. Revocation of permit.
(a) The sheriff of the county where the permit was issued or the sheriff of the county where the person resides may revoke a permit subsequent to a hearing for any of the following reasons:
(1) Fraud or intentional and material misrepresentation in the obtaining of a permit.
(2) Misuse of a permit, including selling or giving a permit to another person.
(3) The doing of an act or existence of a condition which would have been grounds for the denial of the permit by the sheriff.
(4) The violation of any of the terms of this Article.
(5) The applicant is adjudicated guilty of or receives a prayer for judgment continued for a crime which would have disqualified the applicant from initially receiving a permit.
(b) A permittee may appeal the revocation of a permit by petitioning the chief judge of the district court for the district in which the permit was issued or in which the permittee resides. The determination by the court, on appeal, shall be upon the facts, the law, and the reasonableness of the sheriff's revocation and shall be final.
"§ 14‑406. Dealer to keep record of sales.
(a) Every dealer in
pistols and other weapons
mentioned in this Article firearms shall keep an accurate record of
all sales thereof, including the name, place of residence, date of sale, etc.,
of each person, firm, or corporation to whom or which such sales are made,
which record shall be open to the inspection of any duly constituted State,
county or police officer, within this State.
(b) Repealed by Session Laws 2011‑56, s. 3, effective April 28, 2011.
"§ 14‑406.2. Record of private transfers.
Any person who transfers a firearm (transferor) shall keep an accurate record of the transaction, including the name, place of residence, date of sale, etc., of each person, firm, or corporation to whom or which the transfer is made. The person or entity receiving the firearm shall give the permit obtained from the sheriff pursuant to this Article to the transferor, and the transferor shall retain the permit as part of the record of the transaction.
Sale of blank cartridge
The provisions of G.S. 14‑402, 14‑405, and
14‑406 shall apply to the sale of
pistols firearms suitable
for firing blank cartridges. The sheriffs of all the counties of this State are
authorized and may in their discretion issue to any person, firm or
corporation, in any such county, a license or permit to purchase or receive any
pistol firearm suitable for firing blank cartridges from any
person, firm or corporation offering to sell or dispose of the same, which said
permit shall be in substantially the following form:
I, ______________, Clerk of the
Superior Court of said county, do hereby certify that ______________, whose
place of residence is ______________ Street in ______________ (or) in
______________ Township in ______________ County, North Carolina, having this
day satisfied me that the possession of a
pistol firearm suitable
for firing blank cartridges will be used only for lawful purposes, a permit is
therefore given said ______________ to purchase said pistol the
firearm from any person, firm or corporation authorized to dispose of the
same, this ________ day of ____________, ________.
The sheriff shall charge for the sheriff's services, upon issuing such permit, a fee of fifty cents (50¢).
"§ 14‑408. Violation of § 14‑406 a misdemeanor.
Any person, firm, or corporation violating any of the provisions of G.S. 14‑406 shall be guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.
"§ 14‑408.1. Solicit unlawful purchase of firearm; unlawful to provide materially false information regarding legality of firearm or ammunition transfer.
(a) The following definitions apply in this section:
(1) Ammunition. – Any cartridge, shell, or projectile designed for use in a firearm.
(2) Firearm. – A handgun, shotgun, or rifle
which expels a projectile by action of an explosion
(3) Handgun. – A pistol, revolver, or other gun that has a short stock and is designed to be held and fired by the use of a single hand.
(4) Licensed dealer. – A person who is licensed pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 923 to engage in the business of dealing in firearms.
(5) Materially false information. – Information that portrays an illegal transaction as legal or a legal transaction as illegal.
(6) Private seller. – A person who sells or offers for sale any firearm, as defined in G.S. 14‑409.39, or ammunition.
(b) Any person who knowingly solicits, persuades, encourages, or entices a licensed dealer or private seller of firearms or ammunition to transfer a firearm or ammunition under circumstances that the person knows would violate the laws of this State or the United States is guilty of a Class F felony.
(c) Any person who provides to a licensed dealer or private seller of firearms or ammunition information that the person knows to be materially false information with the intent to deceive the dealer or seller about the legality of a transfer of a firearm or ammunition is guilty of a Class F felony.
(d) Any person who willfully procures another to engage in conduct prohibited by this section shall be held accountable as a principal.
(e) This section does not apply to a law enforcement officer acting in his or her official capacity or to a person acting at the direction of the law enforcement officer.
"§ 14‑409. Machine guns and other like weapons.
(a) As used in this section, "machine gun" or "submachine gun" means any weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. The term shall also include the frame or receiver of any such weapon, any combination of parts designed and intended for use in converting a weapon into a machine gun, and any combination of parts from which a machine gun can be assembled if such parts are in the possession or under the control of a person.
(b) It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to manufacture, sell, give away, dispose of, use or possess machine guns, submachine guns, or other like weapons as defined by subsection (a) of this section: Provided, however, that this subsection shall not apply to the following:
Banks, merchants, and recognized business establishments for use in their respective places of business, who shall first apply to and receive from the sheriff of the county in which said business is located, a permit to possess the said weapons for the purpose of defending the said business; officers and soldiers of the United States Army, when in discharge of their official duties, officers and soldiers of the militia when called into actual service, officers of the State, or of any county, city or town, charged with the execution of the laws of the State, when acting in the discharge of their official duties; the manufacture, use or possession of such weapons for scientific or experimental purposes when such manufacture, use or possession is lawful under federal laws and the weapon is registered with a federal agency, and when a permit to manufacture, use or possess the weapon is issued by the sheriff of the county in which the weapon is located; a person who lawfully possesses or owns a weapon as defined by Subsection (a) of this section in compliance with 26 U.S.C. Chapter 53, §§ 5801‑5871. Nothing in this subdivision shall limit the discretion of the sheriff in executing the paperwork required by the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms for such person to obtain the weapon. Provided, further, that any bona fide resident of this State who now owns a machine gun used in former wars, as a relic or souvenir, may retain and keep same as his or her property without violating the provisions of this section upon his reporting said ownership to the sheriff of the county in which said person lives.
(c) Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a Class I felony."
SECTION 2. G.S. 14‑315.1 reads as rewritten:
"§ 14‑315.1. Storage of firearms to protect minors.
(a) Any person who resides in the same premises as a
minor, owns or possesses a firearm, and
stores or leaves the firearm (i) in
a condition that the firearm can be discharged and (ii) in a manner that the
person knew or should have known that an unsupervised minor would be able to
gain access to the firearm, leaves the firearm out of the person's
immediate possession or control without having first securely locked the
firearm in an appropriate safe storage depository or rendered it incapable of
being fired by the use of a safety locking device appropriate to that firearm is
guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor if a minor gains access to the firearm without
the lawful permission of the minor's parents or a person having charge of the
minor and the minor:
(1) Possesses it in violation of G.S. 14‑269.2(b);
(2) Exhibits it in a public place in a careless, angry, or threatening manner;
(3) Causes personal injury or death with it not in self defense; or
(4) Uses it in the commission of a crime.
(b) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a person from carrying a firearm on his or her body, or placed in such close proximity that it can be used as easily and quickly as if carried on the body.
(c) This section shall not apply if the minor obtained the firearm as a result of an unlawful entry by any person.
(d) "Minor" as used in this section means a person under 18 years of age who is not emancipated."
SECTION 3. G.S. 14‑315.2(b) reads as rewritten:
"(b) Any retail or wholesale store, shop, or sales
outlet that sells firearms shall conspicuously post at each purchase counter
the following warning in block letters not less than one inch in height the
IT IS UNLAWFUL TO STORE OR LEAVE A FIREARM THAT CAN BE DISCHARGED
IN A MANNER THAT A REASONABLE PERSON SHOULD KNOW IS ACCESSIBLE TO A MINOR.IT
IS UNLAWFUL FOR A PERSON WHO RESIDES WITH A MINOR TO LEAVE A FIREARM OUT OF A
PERSON'S IMMEDIATE POSSESSION OR CONTROL WITHOUT FIRST HAVING SECURELY LOCKED
THE FIREARM IN A STORAGE DEPOSITORY OR RENDERED IT INCAPABLE OF BEING FIRED."
SECTION 4. This act becomes effective December 1, 2013, and applies to any transfer or receipt of a firearm occurring on or after that date. Any permit issued prior to December 1, 2013, shall remain valid until the date that is five years from the date the permit was issued and may be used for the transfer of a pistol or other firearm pursuant to this act.